Hoboken, New Jersey
Hoboken (Hoboken) is a city in Hudson County, New Jersey, the United States of America. According to the 2010 census, the population is 50,005. It belongs to the New York metropolitan area.
Frank Sinatra Park
the position of Hoboken City in Hudson County
|Coordinates: 40 degrees 44 minutes 41 seconds north latitude 74 degrees 01 minutes 59 seconds west longitude / 40.74472 degrees north latitude 74.03306 degrees west longitude / 40.74472; -74.03306|
|Township||April 9, 1849|
|region||5.1 km2 (2.0 mi2)|
|land||3.3 km2 (1.3 mi2)|
|water surface||1.8 km2 (0.7 mi2)|
|Elevation||2 m (7 ft)|
|population||(as of 2010)|
|population density||15153/km2 (38465/mi2)|
|equal time||Eastern Standard Time (UTC-5)|
|daylight saving time||Eastern Daylight Time (UTC-4)|
|Official website: City of Hoboken|
Hoboken was 40 degrees, 44 minutes, 41 seconds north latitude, 74 degrees, 1 minutes, 59 seconds west longitude, 40.74472 degrees north latitude, 74.03306 degrees west longitude, 40.74472 degrees; -74.03306 (40.744851, -74.032941), on the west bank of the Hudson River, across which is Manhattan, New York City. It is adjacent to West Village and Chelsea on the other side, and between Whew Ken Cove and Union City in the north on the west bank and Jersey City in the southwest.
According to the United States Statistical Bureau, Hoboken City has a total area of 3.3 km2. 1.8 km2 of them are land and the rest are water areas. The area accounts for 35.35% of the total area.
The zip code (postal code) is 07030 and the area code is 201 overlay 551.
The following is demographic data from the 2000 census.
- Population: 38,577
- Number of households: 19,418 households
- Number of Families: 6,835 families
- Population density: 11,636.5 people/km2 (30,239.2 people/mi2) U.S. fourth place
- Number of Homes: 19,915 houses
- Residential density: 6,007.2 doors/km2 (15,610.7 doors/mi2)
- White: 80.82%
- African American: 4.26%
- Native American: 0.16%
- Asians: 4.31%
- Pacific Islands: 0.05%
- Other races: 7.63%
- Mixed: 2.78%
- Hispanic Latino: 20.18%
- Under 18: 10.5%
- 18-24 years old: 15.3%
- 25-44 years old: 51.7%
- 45-64 years old: 13.5%
- Over 65 years of age: 9.0%
- Median Age: thirty
- Sex ratio (male population per 100 women)
- Total population: 103.9
- Over 18 years of age: 103.9
Households and families (number of households)
- We have children under 18: 11.4%
- Married and living together: 23.8%
- Single, divorced, and deceased women are householders: 9.0%
- Non-family: 64.8%
- Single Family: 41.8%
- Elderly people aged 65 and older live alone: 8.0%
- average number of constituent members
- Households: 1.92 people
- Family: 2.73 people
income and family
- median income
- Households: 62,550 US dollars
- Family: 67,500 US dollars
- Male: 54,870 US dollars
- Female: 46,826 US dollars
- Income per population: 43,195 US dollars
- below poverty line
- Population: 11.0%
- Number of Relatives: 10.0%
- Under 18: 23.6%
- Over 65 years of age: 20.7%
The name Hawken was given to Colonel John Stevens when he bought a lot of land throughout the region.
The Lenape (later called the Delaware Indians) had collected soapstones here and carved out a pipe, so the area was called the "Tobacco Pipe Land" and it is believed that the word "Hopogan Hacking" was corrupted.
The first Europeans to live in this area are Dutch pioneers who moved to New Nederlanders and may have shortened the language of the Lenape. However, there is no documented record to confirm that. It cannot be confirmed, but there is a theory that it was named after the town of Flanders, Hooghe Buchen or Hoge Buken (en), which was annexed to Antwerp, Belgium in 1983. This name was derived from the medieval Dutch language and means 'high beech.' There is also a theory that it was named after the Van Hoboken family, who was the landlord of Rotterdam in the 17th century Netherlands. Rotterdam has a square with the name of the family. There is a Dutch dialect called Jersey Ducci, which was spoken in northern New Jersey in the 18th and 19th centuries, based on the Zeland and Flemish languages, in English and probably Lenape, and it is not clear what the area was called in Jersey Ducci.
Like the Wheehorn to the north, the Commipe to the south, and the Harrisimas, the Hoboken has changed in the language of the times. The old Dutch Hoeback, which means a high cliff and could indicate a castle point, was used in the colonial period and was later referred to as "Hobuck" in English.
The unofficial nickname of Hawken is "Mile Square City," but it is two square miles, if you include the part of the Hudson River below the surface. From the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, the German-speaking people of both population and culture became overwhelming and sometimes called 'Little Bremen.' Many of them are buried in the Hawken cemetery in North Bargain.
early and colonial periods
The Hawken was originally an island, the Hudson River in the east, and the tideland in the west, beneath the New Jersey Precipice. where the Lenape used to be a camp in the seasons. It is believed that the Renape had lived over 2,800 years on the land between the Hudson and the Delaware. The first European to claim the territorial rights of the region was Henry Hudson, an Englishman, who sailed the region for the Dutch East India Company. Hudson brought the Have Meen (Half Moon) over to Wiehoken Cove on October 2, 1609. The United New Netherlands Company was established to manage the new area and became a Dutch colony in June 1623. In 1630, Michael POW, the mayor of Amsterdam and the manager of the Dutch West India Company, obtained a patent for the owner of the west bank of a river called North River on the condition that he would build more than 50 reclaimed villages within four years. Three of the Renape sold land (some in Jersey City) that would be Hawken in exchange for 80 Fasom (146 meters) shell balls, 20 Fasom (37 meters) cloth, 12 Hall of Medicine, six guns, two blankets, a double kettle, and half-barrel beer. These transactions are dated from July 12 to November 22, 1630, and it is thought that these transactions were due to the difference of the means of transportation in this area at that time. Pau (Latin name: Pavonia) was unable to create a reclaimed land, so in 1633 he bought the land back to his company. Later, Hendrick van Volst acquired it, and lent a part to Yert van Putten, the farmer. In 1643, Van Putten built the first brewery in his house and North America to the north of the place called Castle Point. In a series of Indian and Dutch raids and their retaliation, Van Puten was killed, his house was destroyed, and all the residents of Pavonia (the name of the region at that time) were ordered back to New Amsterdam. The relationship with the Renape family became awkward, and the isolated island had a distance from New Amsterdam, so no more residents went there. In 1664, Britain occupied New Amsterdam with little resistance, and in 1674, the area became a part of the Eastern Jersey colony. This colony was divided into four regions in 1675, and Hoboken became a part of Bergen County, which became a part of Hudson County when Hudson County was established on February 22, 1840. English-speaking people from New England, along with the Dutch, came to the area in rapid succession, but the number of people hardly increased and they remained on the farm. This area was eventually owned by William Beird. Bayard initially supported the independence of the United States, but when New York City fell into the British army, he switched to the royalist party, including the west bank of the river, which was renamed the Hudson River in 1776. At the end of the American Revolution, the land of Beird was confiscated by the New Jersey Revolutionary Government. In 1784, the land, which was considered to be 'the Horbach Farm of William Beard', was put up for auction and fell to Colonel John Stevens with 18,360 pounds of English currency.
In the early 1800s, Colonel John Stevens developed a waterfront as a resort for Manhattan residents, and this became a source of earnings. The money may have been used by Stevens to test many mechanical inventions. On Oct. 11, 1811, Stevens started delivering the first steamboat in the world between Manhattan and Hoboken on the Juliana steamer. In 1825, Stevens designed and built a steam locomotive and a few passenger cars running on his own land. In 1832, he opened a cave in Sibiru, which featured the water of the spring, and in 1841, Edgar Allan POE wrote "The Mystery of Marie Roget" based on the incident that occurred at the place, which became a legend. In the late 1880s, it was found to be contaminated and closed, and in the 1930s, it was buried with concrete. In 1838, before Stevens' death, he founded Hoboken Land Improvement Company, which was run by his descendants in the middle and latter half of the 19th century. The company decided to lay out roads and blocks, built houses, and developed factory sites. In general, the house is built of stone brick with three or five stories, and it remains with the fifth-level block even today. The advantages of Hawken's port and industrial area have become apparent.
The town of Hoboken was separated from the North Bargain Town Ship and established as a Town Ship on April 9, 1849. As the population and number of jobs increased, residents began to feel the need for full-fledged enforcement of the municipal system, and on March 29, 1855, a referendum was held, and on the day before that, the New Jersey State Assembly law was ratified by the city, Hawken, was born. In the subsequent election, Cornirius V. Kliner became the first mayor. On March 15, 1859, the Wheehawk Town Ship was created from a part of Hoboken City and North Bargain Towns Ship.
In 1870, based on the posthumous gift of Edwin A. Stevens, Science Technology was established at Castle Point, which was the former place of the Stevens family. By the end of the 19th century, a large merchant ship company started to use the Hoboken Port to unload and unload the cargo, and the Delaware Rakawana and Western Railway (later, Elly Rakawana Railway) built a railway station 'Hoboken Station' (Hoboken Terminal, which is not called station, because it is a terminal station, but called terminal because it is a terminal station) on the water connecting the port. The majority of the 19th century was German immigrants, but the overwhelming majority in the city was during this period, and it was partly due to the fact that the port was at least a major berthing for the Hamburg-America route. In addition to the shipbuilding industry, which was a major industry, Coiffel and Esser, a drafter, set up a three-story factory in Teetjan and Lang Drydock (later Todd Shipyard) in 1884. At the turn of the 20th century, Hoboken-based public companies were Maxwell House of coffee, Lipton Tea of tea and Hostess of confectionery.
birthplace of baseball
The claim that Hoboken is the birthplace of baseball is based on the fact that in 1846, a match between the Niker Boxer Club (en) and New York Nine was held at Hoboken's Elisian Stadium (en) as the first competition against the club. The pavement, which resembles a diamond in baseball and a nameplate in Eleven Street and Washington Street, is a memory of the event.
In 1845, the Nickerbocker Club established by Alexander Cartwright was based in New York, but because Manhattan did not have a suitable ground, they started using the Elisian Stadium. The players included Harry Wright and George Wright, the brothers of St. George's Cricket Club (en) and Henry Chadwick, the British-born journalist who created the word "American entertainment" (meaning baseball).
By the 1850s, members of the Manhattan-based National Baseball Players Association (NBA) had been based in the Elisian Baseball Stadium, while St. George's St. George's continued holding international games in Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. In 1859, the professional cricket team, Jack Pars Earl England Eleven, played a game against the United States XXII at Hawken and won a game with him. Sam Wright and his sons, Harry and George, are the losing players of the United States XXII, and they are encouraged to raise baseball to local players against their will. Henry Chadwick drew the conclusion that amateur American players don't have enough time to train high-level cricket skills as required by professional players, and thought that baseball should be an American entertainment instead of a cricket. Harry and George's brothers became the first professional baseball player in the United States when they started Cincinnati Red Stockings in 1869 with the contribution of Aaron Champion.
In 1865, a championship game between the New York Mutual Club and the Brooklyn Atlantic Club was held at the Elisian Stadium and attracted about 20,000 spectators. This scene was included in the American National Baseball Game (right figure) lithography by Kallier & Ives of the printing press.
Two baseball fields surrounded by a fence were built in Brooklyn, allowing the promoter to charge entrance fees, and the glory of the Elisian Baseball Stadium has gone. In 1868, Manhattan's leading club, Mutual, moved to the Union Ground in Brooklyn. In 1880, the founders of the New York Metropolitan Company and the Giants were able to base their home in Manhattan's baseball stadium, which is known as the Polo Grounds.
'Heaven, Hell, or Hawken,'
When the United States of America decided to participate in World War I, Hoboken (and New Orleans)'s Hamburg-America Route pier was subject to land expropriation. The port was placed under the control of the federal government and part of the city was placed under martial law along with growing anti-German sentiment. Many Germans were forced to move to Ellis Island where the immigration office was, or to leave the city. The Hoboken became the main boarding port for the soldiers who went to Europe, and more than three million soldiers called Dohboy (infantry) left the port. The soldiers had been expecting an early return, so General Pershing said, "Heaven, Hell, or Hoboken... By Christmas, I created a slogan.
age between two wars
After the First World War, Italians from the port city of the Adriatic Sea, the Morfetta, became a large ethnic group in the city, increasing the number of immigrants from Ireland. The Hawken also experienced a recession, but with the dockyard and factory jobs, the house was full. The Central European German-speaking Jews came to immigrants and ran a small business. The New Jersey Port Authority was established on April 30, 1921. The Holland Tunnel was completed in 1927 and the Lincoln Tunnel was completed in 1937, and New Jersey and New York City became accessible by car regardless of the sea.
after World War II
World War II restored the vitality of the Hawken. Many industries in the city were needed to carry out the war. When the men went to the war, many women were hired at the factory, and in several factories including Todd Shipyard, women were put into the job system to motivate them. Some of the recruits used GI bills of residential paper, but those with ethnic groups and family ties chose to stay in the city. In the 1950s, the city's economy was still supported by large-scale plants such as Todd Dockyard, Maxwell House, Lipton Tea, Hostess and Bethlehem Steel, where investment in large institutional facilities remained steady. The labor union was strong and the salary was good enough.
However, the situation collapsed by the 1960s. The houses built at the turn of the twentieth century were shabby and crowded. The shipbuilding industry became cheaper in foreign countries. One-story factories surrounded by parking lots became more economical in manufacturing and distribution than brick buildings in crowded streets. As the manufacturing industry moved to the green plains, the ports were taken over by the Gulf of Newark, with its large facilities, and cars, trucks, and planes replaced the conventional railways and ships, and became dominant in the American transportation system, the town of Hoboken began to feel the pain of a relentless decline. Many of the Hawken residents moved to the suburbs of Bergen and Passaik counties in their neighboring villages, which resulted in a decline in the land price. The Hoboken transformed from the symbolic presence of the former vibrant port city to the representing its decline, often being included in the same category as the cities in New Jersey that suffer from similar phenomena such as Patterson, Elizabeth, Camden and neighboring Jersey City.
The old economic base was gone and nothing new was seen. There were attempts to stop the population decline by destroying so-called slums along River Street and building subsidized middle-income housing buildings in Malinview Plaza and Church Towers in the center of the city. A long, uncollected pile of garbage and a half-wild dog herd were not strange sights. The city of Hoboken has experienced a better time, but it is still not abandoned. The arrival of new immigrants, mostly Puerto Rican, continued to operate small shops, and abandoned homes were used. But there was not much work to do. Washington Street, called the "The Avenue," was not barred from the entrance and left a close neighborhood association with many of the people who still pride themselves on being citizens. The Stevens Institute of Technology is still a first-class industrial university, and Maxwell House keeps its tone of manufacture, and Bethlehem Steel employs sailors on the hill as laborers. Italian-American and others returned to the appetizers (delicatessen) in search of "old neighbors". Some of the streets are still "dangerous", and many are safe even at night.
The waterfront of Hawken characterized Hawopen as a typical port town and gave economic power from the 19th century to the mid-20th century. At that time, the waterfront was an industrial area, and most of them could not enter the public. The black tea plant in Lipton, the big coffee plant in Maxwell House and the dry dock in Bethlehem Steel have long occupied the northern part. The southern area was a base for the former Hamburg-United States route, but it was suppressed by the federal government due to land acquisition when World War I broke out, and later it was a major cargo port on the east coast. The movie "Hatoba" ("On the Waterfront"), made in 1954, is one of the five best movies in the United States, and it was shot in Hoboken, which dramatically depicted the violent and violent lives of port workers and the penetration of unions for organized crime. The construction of interstate expressway networks and the introduction of container cargo handling equipment (especially the Newark-Elizabeth MARINE Terminal), the docks became obsolete and many of them were destroyed by the 1970s. The whole area of River Street was called the Barbary Coast, and in the past there were seamen's bars and inns, including shipbuilders, sailors, and marine merchants, but it was taken up as part of the urban redevelopment project. The management of the confiscated areas was returned to the city in the 1950s, but the complex lease contract with the Port Authority had little impact on the management. In the 1980s, the waterfront issue became a major political issue for Hawken, and people from various civic organizations and city governments were involved in difficult and sometimes foolish policies and trials. In the 1990s, Port and Harbor Public Corporation, local governments of various levels, Hoboken citizens and private company developers agreed to build commercial and residential buildings at waterfront and open spaces.
The northern part of the waterfront was owned by private companies, but it was also redeveloped. The dry dock and production facilities were scraped to make middle-class apartments, many of which were sold as investment houses. Several buildings were renovated and used for reuse. A prominent example is the tearoom and the mechanical room of the Hoboken Museum of History. The new building was required to be built along a checkered street, and the height limit was established to maintain the architectural characteristics of the town and the visibility to the river surface. The Shinatra Park and Shinatra Drive in the central town were named after Frank Sinatra, a man who is considered to be the most famous son of Hawken, and the name of Maxwell at the mountain hand reminds us of the fact that the smell of roasting coffee was brought to the town, and a large neon sign "delicious to the last drop" is part of a long historical landscape. In the middle area, there is an exposed part of serpentine, and above that is Stevens Institute of Technology. There is the only undeveloped area here. Under the cliff there is a cave in Sibiru, which remains sealed for a long time, and now there is a plan to resume it. The river bank path is part of the Hudson River Waterfront Walkway, and the state-built master plan will link from the Bayon Bridge to the George Washington Bridge to get down to the waterside everywhere, providing a belt-like urban park with a view of the Hudson River over the New York skyline.
before and after the millennium
From the 1970s to the 1980s, speculative fever increased in Hoboken. It was accelerated by local and outlandish real estate speculators who moved to New York and elsewhere, who bought a house of brown sandstone walls (a symbol of wealthy class) built around the turn of the 20th century and moved into an area where the middle class remained as it used to be, and bought an apartment late 19th century to use as a tenant. The Hawken had experienced a series of fires, some of which proved to be arson. Applied Housing, a real estate investment company, used the support of the U.S. government to collect semi-standardized housing and to receive the supported rent (generally called section 8). With this, low-income people, people who were forced to live in or out of their homes, and people with disabilities, came to the town. The Hoboken has attracted artists, musicians, highly mobile commuters (also known as yuppy or young urban professionals), and Bohemian-type people. They are interested in the social and economic possibilities and challenges of ruined New York, find value in the aesthetics of Hoboken's housing, public buildings, and commercial buildings, and place importance on the sense of the community, the relatively low rent (compared to Lower Manhattan), and the ability to jump out of the train right away. When Maxwell was released, Hawken became a "hip" (fashion-sensitive) place of life. In this social change, so-called 'newcomers' were replaced by 'old faces' in the eastern half of the city.
This gentrification phenomenon resembles a part of Brooklyn, a central town in Jersey City, and East Village in Manhattan. The size of the Soho and Tribeca areas, which used to be uninhabited, is similar, but small. With artists and young people living there, people's perception of the city changed, and people who never intended to move there became interested, and they became safe, interesting, and eventually considered it a desirable town. Many expatriates, family of expatriates, international workers, and immigrants who sought the opportunity near Manhattan in the New York-New Jersey area began to seek the house on the Hudson River's Jersey side, and many sought the opportunity with the help of the property boom. A building was built in a vacant lot, and the house was rented to a condominium. The Hoboken was keenly aware of the destruction of the World Trade Center. Many of the new residents are working there, because they chose Hoboken to be a place to invest in real estate. The redevelopment has encouraged new construction in the former waterfront plant area, and the Transit Village project is underway on the west side of the traditionally heavily-poor city, coupled with the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail and New Jersey land-use policy. The Hoboken has been the focus of rediscovery of the inner city of America. It is also the first foothold for those who wish to move to the New York Metropolitan Area.
The city of Hoboken is under the Faulkner Act and is run by the city mayor and nine committee members. Three of the committee members are selected from the whole city, and the other six represent the six wards in the city. The candidate is not to belong to a political party.
The current mayor of Hoboken City is David Roberts. The members of the City Council are:
- First district: Teresa Castagano
- City 6: Nino Zach, Vice Chairman
- All districts: Terry Laburno
- All districts: Peter Camarano
- All districts: Ruben Ramos Jr.
- Second district: Beth Mason
- Third district: Michael Russo
- Ward 4: Dawn Zimmer
- Ward 5: Peter Cunningham
History of mayoral elections
In the 150-year history of Hoboken's autonomous city, the election of mayors and members of the Council of Municipalities has been run in the community of Hoboken. The political vision of Hoboken has been shaped by a strong relationship between the city hall and the citizens. Those who run for mayor and members are those who grew up in Hawken.
The results of the recent mayor election were as follows.
- Thomas Vesetti vs. Steve Capiello (1985, Vesetti won 6,990 against 6,647)
- Patrick Pascurie versus Joe della Feve (1988, 1989, Pascul won)
- Anthony Russo versus Ira Carasik (1993, Russo won 7,023 against 5,623)
- David Roberts vs. Anthony Russo (2001, Roberts Win 6,064 to 4,759)
- David Roberts vs. Carol Marsh (1985, Roberts beat 5,761 to 4,239)
representatives of federal, state, and county
The Hoboken is the 13th in the Federal Assembly and a part of the 33rd in the State Assembly.
New Jersey's 13th district of the Federal Assembly includes Essex, Hudson, Middle Sex and Union counties, and Albio Siles (Democratic Party) is now their lawmaker. Siles won seats that were vacant since January 16, 2006 in the supplementary election on November 7, 2006. The former MP, Bob Menendez (Democratic Party), followed John Corzein, New Jersey Governor, to the senator. Another senator is Frank Rotenberg (Democratic Party).
The 33rd district of the state assembly has Bernard Kenney (Democratic Party), the House of Representatives has Brian P. Stack (Democratic Party) and Silberio Vega (Democratic Party) as representatives. The governor of the state is John Corzein (from Hawken, Democratic Party).
The county executive of Hudson County is Thomas A. DeGaise. Together with the free-holder who was chosen as executive officer, he organized the Diet and took charge of Gunsei . The nine free-haul performers are as follows. First Ward: Dohlen McAndrew Didomenico; second Ward: William Odea; third Ward: Jeffrey Dublin; fourth Ward: Eleu Rivera; fifth Ward: Morris Fitzgibbons; sixth Ward: Tiro Rivas; seventh Ward: Gerald Lange Jr.; eighth Ward: Thomas Ridio; ninth Ward: Albert Shiferi.
- Hoboken station. It is located in the southeast corner of the city. It was built in 1907 by the Delaware Rakawana and Western Railway, and is also a national historic site. It is now undergoing a major renovation. It serves as the terminal of several transportation networks, an important junction for the New York-New Jersey metropolitan area public transport system. At the west bank of the Hudson River, there were five points where the railroad and the ferry joined, but it is the only point that still remains in shape today. The other four stations, Westshore Railway Station of Wheehawk Ken, Erie Station of Pavonia, and Transit Station of Pennsylvania Railway in Jersey City were all abolished. The Central Rail Road of New Jersey's Community Station, located at the current Liberty State Park, faces Ellis Island and the statue of Liberty.
- New Jersey Transit, Hoboken District: The main line goes to Safern Station, and the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and the Metro North go on a reciprocal train to Port Jarvis Station. The three lines of the main line, the Bergen County Line and the Pascock Valley Line (outbound in the morning and outbound in the afternoon) can be transferred to the Northwest Corridor Line via Secarcass Junction Station. The Monkrail-Boughton and Morris and Essex lines pass through Broadstreet Station in Newark. The North Jersey coastline is limited as a waterfront connecting line and runs through Newark Pen Station to Long Branch and Bayhead. The Latlian Valley Line is a limited operation and runs through Newark Penn Station.
- Hudson-Bergenwright rail. It connects Second Street, Ninth Street and Hawken Station along the west border of Hawken, and goes south to Jersey City Central Street and Beillon, and north to the waterfront, Bargain Line and Tunnel Avenue in Wheehorn.
- Trans Hudson, the Port Authority (PATH Train). A 24-hour subway train runs from Hoboken Station to central Manhattan. During the daytime on weekdays, there are two routes: one running along Sixth Avenue until Station 33-chome, near Pennsylvania Station (the Hoboken-33-chome Line), and the other running along the Jersey City Center to the World Trade Center (the Hoboken-World Trade Center Line). During the midnight on weekdays and on Saturdays and holidays, a route connecting Journal Square Station and 33rd Street Station (Journal Square-33rd Street) also runs via Hawken Station.
- New York Waterway. It operates a ferry crossing the Hudson River. You can transfer to various circulating buses at the World Financial Center at 14th Street from Hawken Station, at the 11th Lower Manhattan Dock, at Wall Street, and at the 39th West Manhattan Street.
- a taxi The rates are uniform in the city. For other destinations, price negotiation.
- a bus in the New Jersey Transit. Trains for the west run the Observer Highway from Hawken station. for Newark, for Jersey City, and some other roads in Hudson County and the suburbs. The train for the north runs along Washington Street from Hawken Station. Via Lincoln Tunnel, for Port Authority Bus Terminal, Bergen Line, North Hudson, North Bargain, for North Bargain, via the waterfront and Boulevard East during the commuter period.
- an academy bus Parkway Express
- Coach USA. Limited operation from Washington Street Newark Street. for Staten Island, Lincoln Harbor or Jersey City,
- Hoboken-Crosstown Loop Line City Hall to Hoboken Center
- Newark Liberty International Airport. The distance is 12.8 miles (20.5 km), the nearest in New Jersey. a regular service
- La Guardia Airport. Located in Flushing, Queens Ward, New York City, it is 12.8 miles (20.5 km) away.
- John F. Kennedy International Airport. Jamaica Bay, Queens Ward, is 19 miles (30 km) away.
- Teturbo Airport. It's located in Hackensac Meadoorlands, for private use.
- Essex county airport. Located in Caldwell and used locally.
- Lincoln Tunnel. Go through the North Line of the city to Wheehaken. The line connects the New Jersey State Route 495 in the east and the central Manhattan City in the west.
- Holland Tunnel. Through the city's southern line to Jersey City. It connects Canal Street in Manhattan in the east and Interstate Expressway 78 in the west to Road 1&9.
- The 14th Street was elevated. for Jersey City Heights and North Hudson.
- the Patterson Planck Road toward Jersey City Heights, North Hudson, and Secochus
The city of Hoboken, like Hudson County, is densely populated and multi-ethnic. In recent years, it has become a bedroom town. The current governor, John Corzein, continues to live in Hoboken, but is rarely seen in the city because he is doing his duty in a drum basket where the governor's office is located.
The public school in Hoboken is run by the Hoboken Board of Education in the Abbott area. There are three seven-year elementary schools in this area. There are two secondary schools that have the eighth grade, and one high school that has the ninth to twelfth grade. The elementary school is trying to have an eight-year system.
In addition, there is the next eight-year Charter School, a public school approved by the Commission of Education in New Jersey, apart from the Hoboken Board of Education.
- Elisian Charter School. It was established in 1997.
- Hawken Charter School
- All Saints Episcopal Day School
- The Hudson School
- Mustard Seed School
- Stevens Cooperative School
- Hoboken Catholick Academy
- Stevens Institute of Technology
- The first brewery in the United States. North of the castle point.
- Zipper. It was invented by Hoboken's automatic hook and eye company.
- the first baseball game between two teams Elisian Stadium
- First steamboat ferry. It was operated with Manhattan in 1811.
- Demonstration of the first steam locomotive in the United States. 56 Newark Street.
- the first departure of a train In 1931. According to Thomas Edison. From Rakawana Station to Dover.
- a chance invention of soft ice cream 726 Washington Street.
- The first automatic parking lot in the United States. 916 Garden Street.
- The first Blinpy restaurant. It opened in 1964. The corner of Seventh Street and Washington Street. One week after the opening, all customers who buy sandwiches will be given a bowl of goldfish with colors.
- In the United States, the first public space for the central control air conditioning. Hoboken station.
- The first wireless phone system. Hoboken station.
- Oleo cookie. It is sold at Hawken.
well known resident
((B) indicates the birth of Hoboken. )
- Howard Eichen, Pioneer in Computers
- former leader of Richard Barron, musician and pop group "The Bongos"
- Misha Burton, The O.C. Series actresses
- Tom Bethune, also known as "Blind Tom" (real name: Thomas Wiggins), a former slave, a piano genius
- The Bongos Alternative Music Pioneer
- Writer and Contributor of "Late Show with David Letterman" by Bob Boden
- André Walker Brewster, Major General of the United States Army, Medal of Honor (B)
- Michael Chan, Professional Tennis (B)
- Irwin Tusid, Radio Personality, Writer, Music Producer, Historian
- Governors of New Jersey
- John J. Egan, Member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey (B)
- Luke Faust
- Billy Mann, singer-songwriter, record producer
- Bill Frisel, "Avant-Garde" Musician, Composer
- Hetty Green, business man, entrepreneur
- Cheim Hirschenzone, Pastor of Judaism, Early Geonist
- Juliet Hadi, Fox News Personality
- Mike Jelick, Morning TV Series Fox & Friends Host
- Alfred Kinsey, a psychologist who studied sexual behavior
- Willem de Coenning, 20th-century Dutch painter
- Alfred L. Clover, 20th-century anthropologist (B)
- Gabriel Hernandez, a rapper, a group's 108 Tuns leader, Yale University graduate, a member of the Secret Society of Skull and Bones (B)
- Artie Lange, comedy actor, comedic actor, Mad TV! on Howard Stern Show regular.
- Russian Lang, Portrait Photographer
- Caroline Reebitt
- Mark Liner and Post-Modern Writers
- George Gordon Riddy, Watergate confederate, Radio talk show host (B)
- Janet Lupo, PLAYBOY Playmate in November 1975
- Eli Manning, Quarterback of the New York Giants
- Jesse Palmer, former professional football player, TV Show The Bachelor former star
- Joe Pantriano, Actor (B)
- Maria Pepe: The First Girl in Little League Baseball (B)
- Emmy Award Winner For the Role of Guiding Light, Tom Perfrey
- Daniel Pinkwater, National Public Radio Commentator, Author
- Anna Kinglen, Columnist, Novelist
- Joint Authors of James Rad, Broadway Musical Hair
- Co-authors of Jerome Lagune's Broadway Musical Hair
- Maggie Range, Actress and Producer
- Alex Rodríguez, New York Yankees players
- Terry Alexander, Greek Owner
- Siglinda Sánchez, Puerto Rican, the first Capitol waiter
- Ian Saporit, entrepreneur
- John Sails, film director, writer
- Steve Shelley, rock band sonic youth drummer
- Jeremy Shocky, New York Giants professional football players
- Charles Schleboger (1861-1912), painter, painted the vanishing western border
- Frank Sinatra, Singer, (B)
- Alfred Stiglitz,(*) a photographer from the 19th to the early 20th century
- Joe Saleitis (1921-), New York Giants Laningback (1943-1953)
- Jeff Tamakin, music journalist, editor
- Jo La Tengo, Art Rock Band
- Edwin R. V. Wright, New Jersey Congressman of the United States (1865-1867)
- Pia Zadora, Singer, Actress (B)
something of local interest
- Stevens Institute of Technology. It's in a place looking up the Hudson River.
- Hoboken station. It is a national historic site constructed in 1908.
- Marine View Plaza. Some people have an eye-opening. An example of urban redevelopment architecture.
- Wiehoken Cove
- Castle Point
- The cave of Sibil. Below the exposed part of serpentine at the waterfront. Not open to the public.
- Maxwell. a rock band in New York
- The Hoboken Free Public Library. He has changed his photographs, maps, relics and other exhibits
- Hoboken Museum of History a themed exhibition Every two years.
- Hudson Waterfront Trail
- the Debourne Hall "A" house in Stevens Park. A theater and dance production.
- The Hawken green market. Every Tuesday at Hoboken Station.
- Hoboken House Tour (spring). An internal tour of history, architecture, or aesthetically interesting private property.
- The Hoboken Study Tour (autumn). A study of artists working in town is on display.
- the Hoboken Art Music Festival (spring and autumn). Music, art and skills. Waterfront and Washington Street.
- The Hoboken (Secret) Garden Tour (late spring).
- St. Patrick's Day Parade (usually the first Saturday in March)
- Seventh Inning Stretch (fall). It is a one-act play featuring baseball by Mile Square Theater Company.
- Saint Anthony Festival
- the Saint Anne Festival It is almost a century of history.
- New Jersey Transit Festival (Autumn): An exhibition on transportation. Hoboken station. There is also a train trip.
- A film festival under stars (summer). outdoor film festival
Four parks were also located in the 19th century's grid-like street plan.
- Church Square Park
- Columbus Park, the only Hudson County park in the city
- Elysian Park Remains of Elysian Stadium
- Stevens Park
The other parks were later built, but were adapted to the streets in the southeast of the city.
- Gateway park, smallest and farthest from the city
- Jackson Street Park, Mostly Concrete Park
- region park
- The Hudson River Waterfront Walkway is not a park adjacent to the Madison Park and the Elderly Residence, but a minimum of 30 feet (9 meters) wide by law. The areas completed up to today, the new park and the refurbished pier are as follows.
- Plaza at Hoboken station
- Pier A
- The Walkway and Bicycle Way from Newark to Fifth Avenue
- Frank Sinatra Park
- Castle Point Park
- Sinatra Drive, up to 12th Street, under construction, the site of the former Maxwell House
- the remains of the docks of former Bethlehem Steel from Twelfth Avenue to Fourteenth Street
- Hawken North New York Waterway Dock
- No. 14th Avenue Dock
- 14th Street, north to Wheehawk Cove, south end, former Lipton Ti plant site
- The other part of the river front is private land, and the construction of the sidewalk is not required until the land is redeveloped.
The city's plan to create more public spaces in the city is Hoboken Park Inishachu, which uses trade-off donations with private companies and government-approved Green Acre Foundation in New Jersey and government funding programs. This is the basis of the discussions between various civic groups and city offices. Among the proposed plans, Maxwell Place is the one which has not yet been realized, and its developers are required to build public sidewalks. Other plans include:
- Hoboken Island. Commemoration of 9/11 in connection with the bridge at Pier A. The lives of 39 New Jersey citizens were lost.
- Pier C. It is now lost. Rebuilt, it makes a beach valley coat and a fishing spot.
- Stevens Institute of Technology. an ice skating rink The link at the east end of Fifth Avenue is permanent.
- 1600 Park Avenue. 2.4 acres (10,000 meters) of park. Two handball courts and two basketball courts. and two tennis courts.
- Hawken Cobb Five-acre park (20,000 meters2), along Park Avenue.
- No. 16 Sanbashi. 0.75 acres (3,000 meters2), the playground and observation deck, extending up to Wiehawk Cove.
- a green belt path It is also called "Green Circuit." Rooftop Tennis Court and Swimming Area
- Upper West Side Park. Next to the Hudson-Bergen Light Railway in the southwest corner of the city, 4.2 acres (17,000 m2), Athletic Field.
- ^ "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers New Jersey's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting", PR Newswire, February 3, 2011
- ^ American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. February 4, 2011. Read April 5, 2011
- ^ "New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990". Read on March 3, 2007.
- ^ Campbell Gibson, June 1998. "Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in The United States: 1790 TO 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Read on March 6, 2007.
- ^ U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Population and Housing Unit Counts PHC-3-1 United States Summary, Washington, DC, 2004, pp. 105 - 159, accessed November 14, 2006.
- ^ "The Abridged History of Hoboken" (description), Hoboken Museum, Accessed 24-Nov-2006, webpage: HM-hist.
- ^ U.S. Towns and Cities with Dutch Names, Embassy of the Netherlands. Accessed November 24, 2006.
- ^ a "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 148.
- ^ "How Hoboken became a city," Part I Archived 13 March 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Part II Archived 13 March 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Part III Archived 13 March 2007, at Archive.is, Hoboken Reporter, March 27, April 3, and April 10, 2005.
- ^ Nieves, Evelyn. "Our Towns;In Hoboken, Dreams of Eclipsing the Cooperstown Baseball Legend", The New York Times, April 3, 1996. Accessed October 26, 2007. "
- ^ Martin, Antoinette. "In the Region/New Jersey; Residences Flower in a Once-Seedy Hoboken Area", The New York Times, August 10, 2003. Accessed October 26, 2007. "The area back from the Hudson River, along streets named for presidents — Adams, Jackson, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe — was sketchy, Mr. Geibel said, and marked by old warehouses, boarded-up windows, raw sewage coming out of pipes and packs of wild dogs running in the streets."
- ^ The Honorable Mayor David Roberts, City of Hoboken. Accessed September 4, 2006.
- ^ The Hoboken Municipal Council, City of Hoboken. Accessed September 4, 2006.
- ^ New Hoboken Council prez is Theresa Castellano, The Jersey Journal. Accessed July 2, 2007.
- ^ 2006 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 58, accessed August 30, 2006.
- ^ a b Hudson Country bus and train service, New Jersey Transit. Accessed June 13, 2007.
- ^ a b Baldwin, Tom. "Corzine's condition upgraded to stable: Spokesman says he won't try to govern from hospital bed", Asbury Park Press, April 24, 2007, accessed April 26, 2007. "It's not clear where Corzine will reside once he is able to leave the hospital ? at a rehabilitation center, his Hoboken condominium or Drumthwacket, the governor's mansion in Princeton Township."
- ^ Calabro Primary School, Connors Primary School and Wallace Primary School
- ^ Joseph F. Brandt Middle School and A. J. Demarest Middle School 
- ^ La Gorce, Tammy. "Cool Is a State of Mind (and Relief)", The New York Times, May 23, 2004. Accessed June 13, 2007. "Several decades later, the Hoboken Terminal distinguished itself as the nation's first centrally air-conditioned public space."
- ^ Howard Hathaway Aiken, The History of Computing Project. Accessed June 1, 2007. "Howard Hathaway Aiken was born March 8, 1900 in Hoboken, New Jersey."
- ^ a b c Narvaez, Alfonso A. "Hoboken", The New York Times, August 1, 1982. Accessed June 1, 2007. "Old-time residents boast of having had Frank Sinatra among their neighbors, while newcomers point to John Sayles, the writer and movie director; Glenn Morrow, the singer, and Richard Barone, principal songwriter for the musical group The Bongos."
- ^ Holden, Stephen. "THE HOBOKEN BONGOS WITTY AT BOTTOM LINE", The New York Times, June 26, 1982. Accessed July 7, 2007. "The Bongos, a Hoboken-based pop group that appeared Wednesday at the Bottom Line, are one of the most promising young local bands."
- ^ a b This Week's Show Recap, Late Night with David Letterman, September 26, 2003. Accessed July 7, 2007. " Joe is from Hoboken, across the Hudson in New Jersey... .Other celebrities who now live in Hoboken, New Jersey: Bob Borden."
- ^ Vescey, George. "SPORTS OF THE TIMES; One Yank Relaxes on The Fourth", The New York Times, July 5, 1989. Accessed November 2, 2007. "In the British press, Chang will always be the Kid From Hoboken, although the family moved to southern California when Michael was young."
- ^ John Joseph Eagan biography, United States Congress. Accessed July 7, 2007.
- ^ Edelstein, Jeff. "Artie Lange Steps up to the plate", New Jersey Monthly, December 2005. Accessed July 18, 2007. "The 38-year-old comedian, a Union native who lives in Hoboken, has been doing daily radio shtick alongside Howard Stern for the past four years."
- ^ Hughes, Robert. "How The West Was Spun", Time (magazine), May 13, 1991. Accessed August 14, 2007. "It is of Charles Schreyvogel, a turn-of-the- century Wild West illustrator, painting in the open air. His subject crouches alertly before him: a cowboy pointing a six-gun. They are on the flat roof of an apartment building in Hoboken, N.J."
- ^ Joe Sulaitis Archived February 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., database Football. Accessed October 1, 2007.
- ^ Edwin Ruthvin Vincent Wright biography, United States Congress. Accessed June 29, 2007.
- ^ http://www.gothamgazette.com/demographics/91102.shtml
- New Jersey
- City of Hoboken
- HobokenReporter.com Online version of city's main newspaper.
- Hobokeni.com Online guide to the mile square since 1995.
- Hoboken Public Schools
- Map of Hoboken bars and drink specials
- National Center for Education Statistics data for the Hoboken Public Schools
- USGS satellite image of Hoboken
- Kannekt - an unofficial guide to Hoboken
- Hoboken Chat
- Hoboken Cafe - Events, User Profiles, Classifieds
- Hoboken 411 - Hoboken blog, updated daily. Tons of information and references.
- Hoboken Bar Network - Complete Bar Guide for Hoboken, NJ.
- Hoboken Menus - Download Menus from the local Hoboken Restaurants.
- NEW Magazine - Contemporary living magazine and entertainment guide.
- Delivered Vacant, an eight-year chronicle of housing gentrification in Hoboken
- Historic photos of Hoboken and Hamburg America Line ports